Lyme disease is carried by infected blacklegged ticks and Western blacklegged ticks and passed onto people when ticks feed off a human. They can attach to any part of the body, but often attach to hard-to-see areas like the groin, armpits and scalp. Usually a tick must be attached for at least 36 to 48 hours to transit Lyme disease.
According to the Centers for Disease Control, most often people are bitten by immature ticks called nymphs, which are usually less than 2 mm. Because of their size, they are difficult to detect, whereas larger ticks are more likely to be detected. The nymphs are most active in the spring and summer, while the adult ticks are most active in the cooler months of the year.
Lyme disease can be especially worrisome when a pregnant woman is infected. If she is promptly treated, mom and baby should suffer no adverse affects, but if treatment is delayed, the infection may lead to an infection of the placenta or stillbirth.
Ticks need a blood meal and therefore a new host at every stage in order to survive. They go from eggs to larva to nymphs to adults who eventually lay eggs again.
The best way to keep the tick population down, is to protect against it early in the season. The steps you take to help control other pests will help protect you from large tick populations in your yard.
- Remove leaf litter.
- Clear tall grasses and brush around homes and at the edge of lawns.
- Place a 3-ft wide barrier of wood chips or gravel between lawns and wooded areas to restrict tick migration into recreational areas.
- Mow the lawn frequently.
- Stack wood neatly and in a dry area (discourages rodents).
- Keep playground equipment, decks, and patios away from yard edges and trees.
- Discourage unwelcome animals (such as deer, raccoons, and stray dogs) from entering your yard by constructing fences.
- Remove old furniture, mattresses, or trash from the yard that may give ticks a place to hide.
If you are concerned about ticks or other pests in your yard, call the experts at ASAP Pest Control today. We can access your situation and help prevent possible problems.